new recruits (regardless of qualification) are given observer status.
Observers ride third up on the vehicles, and provide invaluable support
to the senior crew of the ambulance.
recruits without any qualifications are required to complete an
induction course, a CPR course as well as a first aid course.
qualification is recognised by the Health Professions Council of South
Africa (HPCSA). This is the minimum qualification to be a crew member of
complete a 160 hour course comprising of lectures and practical
simulations. The lectures cover basic anatomy and physiology, basic life
support, emergency care, the use of ambulance equipment and various
Emergency Assistant (AEA)
qualification is recognised by the HPCSA.
must have 1,000 hours of practical experience as a BAA and they must
pass an entrance exam to be eligible for the course.
complete a 470 hour course comprising of 240 hours of lectures and
practical simulations, and 230 hours of on-the-job training.
are qualified to practice various invasive techniques such as IV
Therapy, Needle Cricothyroidotomy, Needle Thoracocentesis,
Electro-cardiogram interpretation, manual external defibrillation and
are allowed to administer various drugs.
qualification is recognised by the HPCSA as a critical care assistant
(CCA) or National Diploma in Emergency Medical Care (NDip-EMC).
must complete a 1,200 hour course to qualify as a CCA, or they must
complete a 3-year (5-year part-time) National Diploma in Emergency
Medical Care at the Wits or Durban Technikon.
are qualified to practice a large array of invasive techniques, can
perform cardio-version and are allowed to administer analgesics,
sedatives and various other drugs.